In Hebrew, the word “Ashkenazi” means “Germans” and the term is used for Jews of eastern European origin who historically spoke the Yiddish or Judeo-German language. Arthur Koestler’s “Thirteenth Tribe” narrative motivated a few biologists like Dr. Eran Elhaik to similarly claim that contemporary Jews are Khazars, not Israelites or the descendants of Abraham. A leading attitude alleges:
“The Rothschilds claim that they are Jewish, when in fact they are Khazars. They are from a country called Khazaria, which occupied the land locked between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which is now predominantly occupied by Georgia. The reason the Rothschilds claim to be Jewish is that the Khazars under the instruction of the King, converted to the Jewish faith in 740 A.D.”
Ashkenazi Jews are genetically as closely related to each other as fourth or fifth cousins, said Dr. Harry Ostrer, a pathology, pediatrics and genetics professor at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York and the author of “Legacy: A Genetic History of the Jewish People” (2012).
The origin of the Ashkenazi Jews has been shrouded in mystery. But in 2013, Professor Martin Richards at the University of Huddersfield probed archaeogenetics and was co-author of the article, “A substantial prehistoric European ancestry amongst Ashkenazi maternal lineages.”
Richards and his colleagues analyzed mitochondrial DNA, which is contained in the cytoplasm of the egg and passed down only from the mother, from more than 3,500 people throughout the Near East, the Caucasus and Europe, including Ashkenazi Jews.
The finding contradicts the notion that European Jews descend from people who left Israel and the Middle East around 2,000 years ago. In reality only a few of the lineages of Ashkenazi Jews originated in the Near East.
“Virtually none came from the North Caucasus, located along the border between Europe and Asia between the Black and Caspian seas.
“The finding should thoroughly debunk one of the most questionable, but still tenacious, hypotheses: that most Ashkenazi Jews can trace their roots to the mysterious Khazar Kingdom that flourished during the ninth century in the region between the Byzantine Empire and the Persian Empire, Richards and Ostrer said.
“The genetics suggest many of the founding Ashkenazi women were actually converts from local European populations.” (Tia Ghose, “Surprise: Ashkenazi Jews Are Genetically European,” LiveScience, October 8, 2013)
Professor Richards said that the new explanation for Ashkenazi origins was a significant finding. By tradition, a Jew is any person whose mother was a Jew. But on the female line of descent, the Ashkenazim primarily trace their ancestry neither to Palestine nor to Khazaria in the North Caucasus – as has also been suggested – but to western Europe.
In other words, the majority of the modern Ashkenazim are actually “Germanic Saxons.” When they refused to give their support to the Vatican in the 8th century, King Charlemagne forced many nomadic family groups into Jewish ghettoes. From the living together of two dissimilar groups emerged the Yiddish or Judeo-German language.
“Analysis of the mitochondrial DNA samples revealed that the Ashkenazim female line descended from southern and western Europe and not the near East. DNA analysis claims that most of the Ashkenazi Jews were at least half genetically Europeans debunking the previous assumptions that they were of Middle Eastern region.” (Benita Matilda, “DNA Samples Confirm Ashkenazi Jews are of European Descent: Study,” Science World Report, October 9, 2013)
“This suggests that, even though Jewish men may indeed have migrated into Europe from Palestine around 2000 years ago, they seem to have married European women,” said Professor Richards. NBC News reported that more than 80 percent of the maternal lineages of the Ashkenazi Jews could be traced to Europe.
It is usually assumed that the ancestors of Ashkenazi Jews migrated into Europe from Palestine in the first century AD, after the destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans, with some intermarriage with Europeans later on.
“Archaeogenetics can help to resolve this dispute. Y-chromosome studies have shown that the male line of descent does indeed seem to trace back to the Middle East. But the female line, which can be illuminated by studies of mitochondrial DNA has until now proved more difficult to interpret. This would be especially intriguing because Judaism has been inherited maternally for about 2000 years.” (“New information is discovered about the ancestry of Ashkenazi Jews,” e! Science News, October 8, 2013)
“The young science of archaeogenetics has been used to settle a long-standing controversy – the origin of Europe’s Ashkenazi Jews. Are they principally descended from forbears who migrated from Palestine in the first century AD? Or were their ancestors Europeans who converted to Judaism?
“A new article in the leading journal Nature Communications claims to have settled the question. Analysis of DNA samples has shown that on the female line, the Ashkenazim are descended not from the Near East but from southern and western Europe.” (“mtDNA research confirms the origins of the Ashkenazi Jews,” University of Huddersfield, October 8, 2013)
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Faced with new DNA evidence that the Ashkenazi Jews are western Europeans, we cannot help but wonder if the famous Rothschild family was somehow or other aware of that. Since 1714, the English monarchy was in reality a Germanic household (Saxe-Gotha) of the Hanoverian line. (The city name of “London” means scholar, from the Hebrew lamden.) The Bavarian Illuminati intrigue was established to whitewash the Vatican and hold back “free” Masonic groups from removing the Germanic Saxon aristocrats of Europe from power.
But who would have guessed that out of a tiny group of Ashkenazi Jews could one day pop the taxing tale of a Germanic master race? According to a study published by Cambridge University, Ashkenazi Jews have the highest average IQ of any ethnic grouping. Some Ashkenazim properly abound with so-called Germanic master race qualities, possessing no genetic link to ancient Israelites and harboring a Machiavellian indifference for the Judaic faith due to the secularization of Darwinism. Paradoxically, it became an official party lineup for the rising state of Israel to express satisfaction that its maternal Germanic residents rank smartest in the world, having an IQ 20% higher than the global average. (Israel would be accused of apartheid policies.)
In 2005, Henry Harpending, an evolutionary anthropologist at the University of Utah, and Gregory Cochran, an independent scholar, published a paper that tried to circulate an underlying genetic theory for the assumed high intelligence of Ashkenazi Jews. “The New York Times, The Economist, and several Jewish publications risked their reputations to legitimize it.”
But Harpending and Cochran’s study attracted an onslaught of criticism from mainstream geneticists, historians, and social scientists mainly because it suggested that a towering intelligence was the by-product of a Jewish hereditary sickness. “It contended that the diseases most commonly found in Ashkenazim — particularly the lysosomal storage diseases, like Tay-Sachs — were likely connected to and, indeed, in some sense responsible for outsize intellectual achievement in Ashkenazi Jews.”
“‘It’s bad science — not because it’s provocative, but because it’s bad genetics and bad epidemiology,’ says Harry Ostrer, head of NYU’s human-genetics program.” (Jennifer Senior, “Are Jews Smarter?” New York Magazine, October 24, 2005)
Ascribing an ethnic or racial explanation for intellectual ability is a hazardous idea that runs into institutionalized racism. Sephardic (Spanish/Middle Eastern) Jews, for example, expressed some perturbation that they were omitted from the essay. (It might likewise be noted that the roots of Europe’s birthright of philosophy and science appeared not from Ashkenazi Jews, but from Greek thinkers of the 6th century BC.)
Yet, it offers an emotive rationalization as to why a small pack of maternal Germanic Saxons should control the faculties of elite colleges, be the wealthiest American bankers, own the world’s major media outlets, and serve as Oscar-winning film directors. Having an ethnic higher IQ got them there, not nepotism and cronyism granted in politics and business, or any lack of fairness that mushroomed in the public sector since World War II. Even now, their “New World Order” systems are on the brink of utter breakdown due to reptilian-brain side effects of Ashkenazi hereditary diseases — treated like dandruff in every court.
“I’d actually call the study bullshit,” said Sander Gilman, a historian at Emory University, “if I didn’t feel its idea were so insulting.”
Political Zionism pays admiration to Ashkenazi Jews for purportedly having the highest average IQ of any ethnic group. It implies a Germanic master race. Author Jon Entine explored whether “Jewish genes” confer intellectual superiority on Ashkenazi Jews in his 2007 book, “Abraham’s Children: Race, Identity, and the DNA of the Chosen People.”
On the other hand, more recent studies by state branches of the United States government ranked Asians as smartest. As said by Florida and Virginia governments, “education goals are highest for Asian kids.”
According to a 2012 Washington State University report, Virginia Democratic state Senator Donald McEachin said he “was shocked to find” that the Virginia state board of education placed “Asians at the top” of mandates set out in the No Child Left Behind law. (Claudio Sanchez, “Firestorm Erupts Over Virginia’s Education Goals,” Northwest Public Radio, November 12, 2012)
Florida’s new race-based math and reading goals also placed Asian students at the top. The state board rule calculated that Asian students would be 90 percent at or above grade level, higher than any other ethnic grouping:
“Florida is not alone in using this type of strategy. Most of the 33 states that have won federal waivers have put some sort of plan in place that includes different goals for different student groups, said Daren Briscoe, a U.S. Department of Education spokesman.
“Under the No Child Left Behind law, all school districts and states nationwide had the same target: that all students be proficient in reading and math by 2014. The waivers freed states to set their own goals.
“‘Under No Child Left Behind, you had a laudable goal of saying you should treat every student the same,’ Briscoe said. ‘It was an ambitious goal but not achievable. Not every student will improve in lockstep with every other student.’
“The better approach, Briscoe said, is to ‘acknowledge that there are differences in where students are from the outset, and that children that are further behind, put the onus on the state to get more achievement out of those students.’” (Allison Ross, “State defends new goals for students based on race,” Palm Beach Post, Oct. 12, 2012)
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Beginning in the 17th century, the White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP) elite of Western Europe dominated the United States as a sheltered aristocracy of high-status Americans. A lot of of them were relatives of the nobility of Great Britain. The idiom “nepotism” originated with the assignment of nephews to cardinal positions by Catholic popes. It catered to the great American WASP as the unfair practice of giving jobs and other favors to relatives. Anglo-Saxons were a small main group whose family wealth and elite connections allowed them a degree of privilege held by few others.
Historians assert the group’s power has waned since the end of World War II, with the growing influence of Jews and minorities. Yet, the latest mtDNA tests underline that little has changed in terms of national control — except perhaps the secularization of religious labels. For, as far as archaeogenetics is concerned, Germanic Saxon maternal bloodlines continue to dominate key US institutions. But rather than admit to out-and-out nepotism, it is now claimed that an “ethnic higher IQ” endows White American power.
Are IQ tests fundamentally flawed? The idea that intelligence can be measured by IQ tests alone is a fallacy according to the largest single study into human cognition which found that it comprises of at least three distinct mental traits. The 2012 study was published in the journal Neuron:
“The results disprove once and for all the idea that a single measure of intelligence, such as IQ, is enough to capture all of the differences in cognitive ability that we see between people,” said Roger Highfield, director of external affairs at the Science Museum in London.” (Steve Connor, “IQ tests are ‘fundamentally flawed’ and using them alone to measure intelligence is a ‘fallacy’, study finds,” The Independent, December 21, 2012)
By Peter Fotis Kapnistos